But those who are have produced several reports on the physical causes of climate change, the likely consequences for the planet, and how to avoid these. The IPCC assessment reports are prepared by hundreds of experts, and peer reviewed by thousands.
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A Casual counsel is all about preferences: if you like this then you ought to do this. If you like salt, then buy pretzels or anchovies if there are any left in the oceans. If not, no worries! It might take this form: you ought to treat all life, insofar as you can, as an end in itself.
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In other words, duty is opposed to so-called instrumental thinking, which is when we treat things purely as the means to an end. We value them extrinsically rather than intrinsically. In fact, this has been the response of some thinkers and activists, including some deep ecologists like Arne Naess.
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They see the environmental crisis as partly the consequence of instrumental thinking, applied to all life. So, we might say to artists: you ought to respect, recognise and represent all life as an end in itself. Not chiefly because of what this will achieve although it might help , but because this is the very basis of an ecological morality.
Then when we add the market, and professional identity within this market, dutiful command is often likely to fall on deaf ears. My point is not that duty is wrong. Welfare is about things like survival and flourishing — things most of us want by virtue of being alive. So, we might say to the artworld: if you want our species to thrive,you ought to help minimise climate change.
Will Jellyfish Rule The World? by Leo Hickman
This is certainly more likely to work; to appeal to many artists, and ordinary citizens. A bold message of fear or hope, which speaks of human welfare, might be a stronger driver than a message of the value of all life. It might be that of distant others — in distant places eg Pacific islands or distant times eg our great-grandchildren. A few come to mind. Asking too much of artists, asking too little, and treating artists instrumentally.
Eventually, jellyfish might rule the world. What should the art world do about it?
First: asking too much. There are as many hobby-horses as there are riders. Those who are driven to respond will be a small part of a much larger movement.
This movement will require the cooperation and creativity of millions, all over the planet, in many fields and sectors. It will require big, national and international projects, and countless small, autonomous initiatives.
watch It will require market solutions and government intervention , advertising and novels, protests and backroom negotiations. Second: asking too little. As a writer, I can use my words and public profile to goad, seduce, nudge and inspire well, I can try. Any response to climate change will not just be professional — it will also happen as I read to my kids, cook meals, talk to school parents, and so on. It will be part of my housing choices, transport choices, furniture choices. And, of course, some of the most compelling artworks will speak to this everyday constellation of habits, impressions and vague ideals.
We have other powers too. Finally, as artists, can we always have our own ends, or will we sometimes be means? My question is this: just how effective can art become, and at what point does it become advertising? Might artists be more like medieval craftsmen, promoting a very particular ethical vision? As Pierre Bourdieu notes in Distinction , fine art developed its autonomy in the Renaissance to become something like a liberal art.
It gained prestige and some measure of authority over its own means and ends, both of which grew well into the modern age. There is also a very strong tradition of artists resisting instrumental thinking, at least with their own work.
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If we believe art can be a powerful force in slowing or stopping the worst of climate change, just how willing are we to use artists, or to be used, in this project? And this is a question, by the way, for scientists and philosophers as much as for painters, sculptors or dancers. There is no one answer to this, but the question is worth keeping in mind. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Jan 18, Maddie rated it it was amazing. This is my favourite book of all time! I'm not usually reading non fiction, but I guess the tittle kind do dragged me in to the greatness of this book!
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