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Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. I have no idea anywhere else on earth other than america where people would be dumb enough to vote for a racist like Trump. Gone are the full times of great presidents like Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford. Anyway, sorry for my rant. Like Like. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email.


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Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Email required Address never made public. Ghost clubs dedicated to searching for ghostly evidence formed at prestigious universities, including Cambridge and Oxford, and in the most prominent organization, the Society for Psychical Research, was established.

A woman named Eleanor Sidgwick was an investigator and later president of that group, and could be considered the original female ghostbuster.

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In America during the late s, many psychic mediums claimed to speak to the dead — but were later exposed as frauds by skeptical investigators such as Harry Houdini. It wasn't until recently that ghost hunting became a widespread interest around the world. Much of this is due to the hit Syfy cable TV series "Ghost Hunters," now in its second decade of not finding good evidence for ghosts. The show spawned dozens of spinoffs and imitators, and it's not hard to see why the show is so popular: the premise is that anyone can look for ghosts.

Legend tripping

The two original stars were ordinary guys plumbers, in fact who decided to look for evidence of spirits. Their message: You don't need to be an egghead scientist, or even have any training in science or investigation. All you need is some free time, a dark place, and maybe a few gadgets from an electronics store. If you look long enough any unexplained light or noise might be evidence of ghosts. One difficulty in scientifically evaluating ghosts is that a surprisingly wide variety of phenomena are attributed to ghosts, from a door closing on its own, to missing keys, to a cold area in a hallway, to a vision of a dead relative.

When sociologists Dennis and Michele Waskul interviewed ghost experiencers for their book " Ghostly Encounters: The Hauntings of Everyday Life " Temple University Press they found that "many participants were not sure that they had encountered a ghost and remained uncertain that such phenomena were even possible, simply because they did not see something that approximated the conventional image of a 'ghost. Personal experience is one thing, but scientific evidence is another matter. Part of the difficulty in investigating ghosts is that there is not one universally agreed-upon definition of what a ghost is.

Some believe that they are spirits of the dead who for whatever reason get "lost" on their way to The Other Side; others claim that ghosts are instead telepathic entities projected into the world from our minds. Still others create their own special categories for different types of ghosts, such as poltergeists, residual hauntings, intelligent spirits and shadow people.

Of course, it's all made up, like speculating on the different races of fairies or dragons : there are as many types of ghosts as you want there to be.

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There are many contradictions inherent in ideas about ghosts. For example, are ghosts material or not? Either they can move through solid objects without disturbing them, or they can slam doors shut and throw objects across the room. According to logic and the laws of physics, it's one or the other. If ghosts are human souls, why do they appear clothed and with presumably soulless inanimate objects like hats, canes, and dresses — not to mention the many reports of ghost trains, cars and carriages? Warning the coal-burner if the stack caught fire or giving the hunter good luck in hunting.

It was a wise thing not to fall asleep outside a mountain or to trust a too handsome man or a too beautiful woman. Especially if you met them in the forest.

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Occult & Magic Studies

They might be a troll or a vittra and if not careful you would found yourselves living the rest of your life as a prisoner in the mountain. These are just a few of the beings that lived alongside with humans in the landscape surrounding them, at least if the folklore is to be believed. But then everything changed.

New kinds of machinery were invented. Factories were built. Railroads took people from coast to coast with a speed never imagined before. More and more people moved from the countryside to the cities. They worked in the industries instead of farming the land. The old beliefs and stories begun to fade away. Luckily some of them were saved by researchers who wrote them down and created archives to save at least pieces of the knowledge for future generations.

For a while folklorists thought that magical believes and stories of supernatural beings were something that belonged in the past. That they had no place in this new time of science and technology and in the new, urban lifestyle. But they were wrong. The folklore was not gone. It had just changed with the society. Like it always does. The magic was still present but in new forms. The French author Jules Verne is sometimes called the father of science fiction. In his books, written in the second half of the 19 th century, he created stories around the new technology of his own time and of technology he imagined was yet to come.

In his novel From the earth to the moon was first published. In the end of the first book they succeeds and the reader leaves them on their way out in space. The thought of travels in space was present long before the first actual space travel took place a hundred years later not only from Jules Verne work of course.

If you imagine yourself exploring the space, the one big question is: are there other lifeforms out there and if so — can we trust them? Aliens are one of the first things that comes to mind when speaking of contemporary notions about supernatural beings. There are two opposite notions when it comes to alien lore. One fearing the aliens and their supposedly supreme technology and the other one longing for the aliens to come. Later he described their movements in the air as how a saucer would move if skip stoned across water.

A journalist misunderstood him and later published a story of flying objects looking like saucers. Soon other people begun to tell stories of similar events and the legend about flying saucers was born. Other legends was added to the folklore of UFO:s and aliens.


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Stories of people who believed they had been abducted and experimented on begun to spread, both in media and popular culture but also as legend wandering from one person to another. Many folklorists have noticed the similarity between those legends and legends of abduction by supernatural beings in the older folklore.

In a Swedish context a comparison with the stories about people believed to been taken into the mountains by trolls can be made. In scenarios humans are taken away from their own world by something not human. The trolls are frightening because of their magic. The aliens because of their advanced science so advanced it seems almost like magic. After returning to the human world if returning at all they have a hard time recalling what actually happen while being a prisoner and for how long they have been gone. In some new religious movements and in occulture meaning for example notions born in the occult and esoteric movements of the late 19 th century and now a part of contemporary folklore aliens are seen like a kind of gods or superior being that either are coming or already have been here.

The Gore Orphanage Hauntings

The aliens expected will teach the humans and enlighten them. In some cases, there are also a fear of or a longing for the end of the world. The true believers will be saved by the aliens and taken some place else — to a sort of paradise. In the other case the aliens have already been here, helping us build the ancient civilizations of the world.